The key factor affecting cultural life in Tukey is that the country is acts as a bridge between cultures. Dualities of east-west, traditional-modern, urban- rural did not create chaos rather developed a mosaic collage and rich cultural life. In addition to the traces of different civilizations, the interaction between the neighbouring cultures in the recent years allowed Turkey to be both an Eastern and a Western country. In this sense, when you visit both the Aegean and southeastern Anatolian regions you will recognize that the Balkan and Middle Eastern cultures are interwoven and in Istanbul modern western cultural motifs are very evident and dominant. When you add the traditional and modern effects of this on art and add the urban and rural motifs, you end up getting a country with the world’s most interesting and exciting cultural heritage.



In the recent years Turkish literature, one of the areas that reflect the country’s culture the best, has been attracting attention around the world. In 2006, Turkish author, Orhan Pamuk, won the Nobel Prizewho wrote about the relationship between traditional and modern ideas in Turkey. Famous for his rural novels, Yaşar Kemal, and famous for his poetry Nazım Hikmet are among Turkey’s world famous authors of the past century.. In traditional rural literature folk songs sung with a “saz” (a string instrument) is the most common type of oral literature found in Turkey today. Yunus Emre and more recently Aşık Veysel are the most famous of the poets that Turkey has produced.



One of the areas that reflect the rich culture of Turkey is is Turkish cinema. The movie “Hibernation” by Nuri Bilge Ceylan which reflected the magical areas of Cappadocia, won the Golden Palm Award” of the Cannes Film Festival. The same award was given to the movie “Road” by Yılmaz Güney and Şerif Gören in 1982. In 2008 the movie “Three Monkeys” by Nuri Bilge Ceylan won the Best Director award in the Cannes Film Festival. Another famous director, Fatih Akın, was awarded with the Golden Bear of the Berlin Film Awards with the movie “Head On”. These movies portray the cultural life of Turkey and watching them before your visit will give you a good perspective of the culture you will see when you arrive and explore Turkey..



The art form that reflects the Turkish culture the best is undoubtedly music. Turkish music has a wide variety of genres ranging from Turkish classical music and to rock and heavy metal music. In the recent years internationally renown Turkish pop stars have been Tarkan and Sertab Erener have a large global fan base. Winner of International Music Awards Tarkan gained an international following with “Şımarık”, the song’s album having sold 2 million copies in Europe and reached number one in Belgium, number two in Norway, and number three in France, Germany, Netherlands and Switzerland. Sertab Erener won the Eurovision Song contest with the song “Every Way That I Can” and has been awarded many international awards in his career.